terça-feira, maio 30, 2006

[events] UMICS 2006

Rationale and aims of UMICS 2006 (Ubiquitous Mobile Information and Collaboration Systems), CAiSE'06 Workshop, June 5-6 2006, Luxembourg:

"Over the last years most business processes changed on various dimensions (e.g. flexibility, interconnectivity, coordination style, autonomy) [...] Frequently, information is relocated within this geographically distributed system [...] This creates a need for a software infrastructure that enables ubiquitous mobile and collaboration systems (UMICS).

Technologies such as WiFi networks and 3rd generation mobile phones, are offering the infrastructure to conceive information systems as ubiquitous information systems, that is, systems that are accessible from anywhere, at any time, and with any device. Ubiquity mainly is a means to support new business models and encourage new ways of work.[...]

Moreover people need to move across organizational boundaries and collaborate with others within the organization as well as between organizations. [...] Therefore, some issues also arise about how to enable users to retain their ability to cooperate while displaced in a different point of the enterprise, the role of context and location in determining cooperation, the support for ad-hoc cooperation in situations where the fixed network infrastructure is absent or cannot be used.

The approaches and technologies for supporting these new ways of work are still the subject of research.[...]"

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[disclosure] exploring fields of mobility and information needs

When we start our travelling to discovery we tend to find a lot of things that used to be invisible. News flags are added and our filters enact new looking glasses to the world. My new flags are now concerned with mobility and information needs, the umbrella of my research.

As you may already sensed, links for resources dealling with aspects i consider relevant and/or resources that might provide leads for my ongoing research, are now more frequent.

My «lenses» are opened so i'll be posting a variety a cross field resources, not concentrating with only one field.

domingo, maio 28, 2006

[resources] Actor Network Theory

Finding about «actor network theory» (interdisciplinary approach to the social sciences and technology studies) and trying to see if it is usefull for framing my research [PS 12/Jul/2006 - Actor Network Theory is a method and not a framing theory in that sense, but i couldn't have guessed it before reading more about ANT ;-) That's the beauty of research and being able to document the steps in the blog]
  • What is Actor-Network Theory? Contributes from Bardini, Goguen, Hanseth, Risen, Lemke, Bowker & Star, Callon, Frohmann, Keele, Miettinen, Van House, Sidorova & Sarker, elaborated by Martin Ryder, on July 2003.
  • John Law and John Hassard (eds) (1999), Actor Network Theory and After
  • "In this note I start by exploring the metaphor of heterogeneous network. This lies at the heart of actor-network theory, and is a way of suggesting that society, organisations, agents and machines are all effects generated in patterned networks of diverse (not simply human) materials." (p.2)

  • Actor Network Theory - discussion group at Yahoo, moderated by Jose Pinheiro Neves, from Departamento de Sociologia, Instituto de Ciências Sociais, Universidade do Minho.
  • Actor-Network Theory Resources, Centre for Science Studies, County College South, Lancaster University, UK.
  • Bill Doolin & Alan Lowe (2002), To reveal is to critique: actor-network theory and critical information systems research. Journal of Information Technology, Vol. 17 (2):

    "Despite its relativist ontology, actor-network theory places a strong emphasis on empirical inquiry and this paper argues that actor-network theory, with its careful tracing and recording of heterogeneous networks, is well suited to the generation of detailed and contextual empirical knowledge about IS. The intention in this paper is to explore the relevance of IS research informed by actor-network theory in the pursuit of a broader critical research project as defined in earlier work."

Other related readings:

  • Boundary Objects - Bowker, G. C., & Star, S. L. (1999). Sorting Things Out: Classification and Its Consequences. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press:

    "... are those objects that both inhabit several communities of practice and satisfy the informational requirements of each of them. Boundary objects are thus both plastic enough to adapt to local needs and constraints of the several parties employing them, yet robust enough to maintain a common identity across sites. They are weakly structured in common use and become strongly structured in individual-site use. These objects may be abstract or concrete... Such objects have different meanings in different social worlds but their structure is common enough to more than one world to make them recognizable, a means of translation. The creation and management of boundary objects is a key process in developing and maintaining coherence across intersecting communities." (Bowker & Star, 1999 pg. 297)

  • Geraldine Fitzpatrick, William J. Tolone and Simon M. Kaplan (1995), Work, Locales and Distributed Social Worlds. Proceedings of the Fourth European Conference on Computer-Supported Cooperative Work, September 10-14, Stockholm, Sweden. H. Marmolin, Y. Sundblad, and K. Schmidt (Editors), Kluwer Academic Publishers, pp. 1-16.

... and something offtopic about tagging, folksonomies, and ANT (Actor Network Theory) in a paper by Adam Mathes (2004), Folksonomies - Cooperative Classification and Communication Through Shared Metadata:

"After examining the other sites the user tagged with ANT, it was apparent this was an acronym for "Actor Network Theory," in the domain of sociology. However, when examining the ANT tag across all users (Delicious apparently is not case sensitive in tags) most of the bookmarks were about Apache Ant, a project building tool in the Java programming language. Two completely separate domains and ideas are mixed together in the same tag." (p.5)

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