domingo, abril 25, 2004

Iupiii!

Parece que sempre consigo entregar amanhã o draft final do relatório (será que já sinto o cheiro a liberdade?...).

sexta-feira, abril 23, 2004

Pausas...

... porque também elas são precisas. [via AntColony] METADESIGN - Part III: "Cultures are closed networks of conversations conserved generation after generation through the learning of the children that live in them. As such cultures change if the closed network of conversations that the children learn as they live in them changes, and a new closed network of conversations begins to be conserved generation after generation through their living. One can say in general systemic terms, that what is conserved in a system or in the relations between the members of a group of systems what determines what can or not change in the system or in the group of systems. (...) No doubt the interconnectedness reached through Internet is much greater than the interconnectedness that we lived a hundred or fifty years ago through telegraph, radio, or telephone. However, we still do with Internet no more no less than what we desire in the domain of the options that it offers, and if our desires do not change, nothing changes in fact because we go on living through it the same configuration of actions (of emotioning) that we used to live. Certainly I know much of what is said and is happening in the domain of globalization of the flow of information, but it is not information what constitutes the reality that we live. The reality that we live arises instant after instant through the configuration of emotions that we live, and which we conserve with our living instant after instant. But if we know this, if we know that the reality that we live arises through our emotioning, and we know that we know, we shall be able to act according to our awareness of our liking or not liking the reality that we are bringing forth with our living. That is, we shall become responsible of what we do. (...) configuration of emotioning cannot be imposed, nor can it be demanded without denying it, it must be lived spontaneously as a matter of course because that is the way we learned to live in our childhood. Violations of such manner of living will be legitimate mistakes that can be corrected because there will be no intrinsic shame in them, they will be only errors. (...) [comp]Utopia? yes because it correspond to a way of living that has been ours in our evolutionary history, and most of us know it as an experience or as a yearning of our childhood. Anyway, to do that would be, no doubt, a magnificent work of dynamic art, and a responsible creative act as well if we want to live as Homo sapiens amans."

terça-feira, abril 20, 2004

Contributos ao Modelo Financeiro - Sistema Científico, Tecnológico e de Inovação

Já há contributos colocados no MCES, sobre o novo Modelo Financeiro - Sistema Científico, Tecnológico e de Inovação, proposto pelo Governo há uns dias [via AntColony]. Será que se conseguem recolher também os contributos que já existem espalhados por diversos Weblogs [RSS ?]...

Como estou «totalmente afastada» deste modelo (fase de conclusão de Mestrado, um Doutoramento pela frente, necessidade de publicar 100 artigos, fora a orientação de Doutoramentos), será que só me resta procurar um país que acredite no desenvolvimento das minhas competências, criando condições para quem está disposto a ganhar menos do que uma empregada doméstica, apesar de já ter dedicado 19 anos no ensino formal e de ter ingressado no mercado de trabalho à 18 anos atrás?... Sei que a minha opinião não terá peso, mas acredito que será mais fácil criar condições para reter quem ainda cá está, do que «atrair» quem já se estabeleceu na carreira com condições, dificilmente igualáveis, às que têm no exterior, após afirmação na sua área. Pensar que sonho e que o transmito aos meus dois filhotes... [como era mesmo aquela letra de Rómulo de Carvalho?]

segunda-feira, abril 19, 2004

Outputs

Pois... [Comics, from Piled Higher and Deeper]
[retirei imagem a 25Maio2004 - ver link em cima]

Contexto(s)

Sobre a importância do estudo do contexto: J. David Johnson, On contexts of information seeking, Information Processing & Management, Volume 39, Issue 5, September 2003, Pages 735-760. Resumo do trabalho [acrescentado em 04/Nov/2004]:

"While surprisingly little has been written about context at a meaningful level, context is central to most theoretical approaches to information seeking. In this essay I explore in more detail three senses of context. First, I look at context as equivalent to the situation in which a process is immersed. Second, I discuss contingency approaches that detail active ingredients of the situation that have specific, predictable effects. Third, I examine major frameworks for meaning systems. Then, I discuss how a deeper appreciation of context can enhance our understanding of the process of information seeking by examining two vastly different contexts in which it occurs: organizational and cancer-related, an exemplar of everyday life information seeking. This essay concludes with a discussion of the value that can be added to information seeking research and theory as a result of a deeper appreciation of context, particularly in terms of our current multi-contextual environment and individuals taking an active role in contextualizing."


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sábado, abril 17, 2004

Fazer a ponte entre...

... as necessidades dos expatriados encontradas no contexto de internacionalização (BlogTese) e a gestão da informação a nível organizacional com parte do que me tem atraído no B2OB. O trabalho da Lilia Efimova parece ser uma componente importante: ICEBERG: "The main results of this PhD will be (1) a framework that provides an integrated KM/learning view on factors influencing knowledge sharing and learning at the workplace and interventions to address those factors, and (2) a set of instruments that could be used for decision-making about interventions to support employee knowledge behaviour."

O tipo de necessidades de informação determina os media escolhidos...

No meu caso, os media escolhidos surgem como uma alternativa às necessidades de informação sentidas por via das barreiras encontradas reflectindo-se no tipo de estratégias encontradas pelos expatriados que observei. Pelas barreiras identificadas (quebras na comunicação organizacional; distância percebida e distância das redes de relações; infra-estruturas; contexto em que se encontram) os expatriados procuraram fazer face às necessidades sentidas de acordo com os media disponíveis nos três Países (A, B e C) observados.

[para ler] Doctoral candidates: Lidwien van de Wijngaert, Ph.D. thesis, Telematica Instituut, 1999, ISBN 90-393-1760-7, Telematica Instituut Fundamental Research Series, No. 004 (TI/FRS/004)
"Van de Wijngaert argues that the need (for information) is the determining factor in the choice of media by the user. In her doctoral thesis, she presents a method that creates a direct relationship between the need for information and the use of new media."

(re)Começar...

Como podem calcular, por esta altura estou já a «borbulhar» com ideias para novos trabalhos, embora ainda a rever a versão final para entregar, olhando para tudo o que ficou de fora, para tudo o que não consegui contar, para outras «peças» que poderia ter incorporado... mas como alguém me disse "isto é sempre um work-in-progress" e depois de "learn how to play Lego with [our] minds (V. Ramos, 1997) queremos experimentar novas «construções» com novas «peças».

(re)Começar...

(um pequeno problema!)

Ideias de abordagem para futuros trabalhos sobre internacionalização

Liesch, P. W.; Welch, L. S.; Welch, D.; McGaughey, S. L.; Petersen, B. e Lamb, P. (2002).Evolving Strands of Research on Firm Internationalization: an Australian-Nordic Perspective. International Studies of Management & Organizations, Vol. 32 (1), pp. 16-35.

"When confronted with uncertainty, the search for uncertainty-reducing information motivates actions that initiate a process of information acquisition and subsequent information-to-knowledge translation. Information is needed on all of those observables and non-observables that comprise business environments (Knight and Liesch 2002). In the present firm internationalization context, there is much observable information on foreign market characteristics, product-market combinations, transaction requirements, and the like. However, uncertainty pervades the process of firm internationalization and derives, in large part, from the non-observable components of information and its translation into actionable knowledge relating to international venturing. These components are the relational formulations among variables that remain unknown to all but the successfully internationalizing firm (e.g., know-how), and which constitute a major field of empirical research in international business." p.19

"(...) latter research demonstrates how the decomposition of the knowledge concept can provide an important basis for following knowledge processes at work in internationalization and, ultimately, in developing a more robust process theory of firm internationalization." p.20

"Networks often are critical to providing the type of information that contributes to lowering risk and uncertainty inherent in international operations. As Macdonald (1996) demonstrated, much of the knowledge that a firm needs for its international operations is contained in its external networks. Thus, building and maintaining relevant networks are an integral part of the internationalization process, as both outcomes and inputs into the process. (...) Within Kone, corporate language proficiency was shown to be an important factor in enabling some individuals to act as powerful information gatekeepers in certain countries. Expatriates with the requisite language
skills played a pre-eminent role as “language nodes” in information dissemination and knowledge transfer.
." p.21-21

"While it is somewhat self-evident that key concepts such as psychic distance, information flows, networks, and learning are person-bound, a curious aspect related to the development of ideas about the process of internationalization is the relative neglect of issues relating to the role of individuals. (...) Likewise, moving expatriates from subsidiary operations can damage relationships with key actors in the local network, and therefore affect upon subsidiary performance (...) The growing body of literature in international human resource management
recognizes the role of expatriates as knowledge-transfer agents and informal communication conduits; but the link to their role in the internationalization process is rarely drawn
." p.21

Necessidades de investigação para a Internacionalização das Organizações

"Experiential knowledge was seen as a key factor, but exactly how this factor operates has not been fully understood. Recent technological developments in information transmission associated with the Internet have again raised the question of how a firm acquires and internalizes information to enable uncertainty reduction. While recent developments in electronic business might lubricate the international transaction (Liesch and Knight 1999), and enable more timely and direct access to information on foreign markets, it remains to be learned whether the processes of firm internationalization are made more certain and present less risk through these developments
(Petersen, Welch, and Liesch 2000
). (...) In the cross-border transfer of information and knowledge, research has shown that the importance of language issues remains, and that there is a need to consider their impact on firm internationalization, apart from inclusion in the psychic-distance composite. (...) Research on “people issues” in internationalization may well herald a more general return to behavioral aspects as a basis for understanding core factors in firms’ internationalization. Bringing people to “center stage” requires a reconsideration of how individuals locate, transfer, and incorporate information; gain foreign market experience and knowledge; and build, use, and manage networks—not just in the early stages of internationalization, but in terms of supporting international business development and expansion over time. Equally important, further examination of the role of people would need to include how firms identify, collect, and harvest the wealth of knowledge embedded in their staff to form a composite, explicit source that firms can draw on to extend internationalization." p.28-30

"In order to assist researchers in this field, it is essential that methodologies be adopted that expose complex phenomena, rather than reducing complex phenomena to simplistic relationships for the purposes of ease of data collection and empirical testing." p.30