terça-feira, dezembro 28, 2004

Internacionalização das empresas portuguesas na década de 90

Fiz menção a este relatório na tese mas não tinha ainda aqui colocado o recurso [disponível na página pessoal de Pedro Dominguinhos]:

A internacionalização das empresas Portuguesas: uma perspectiva genérica:

"Trata-se de um estudo sobre a Internacionalização das empresas portuguesas, realizado por uma equipa de investigação constituída por elementos de dois Centros de Investigação Universitários - CISEP e CEGEA, integrados respectivamente no ISEG/UTL e na U. Católica do Porto.[p.5]

Tradicionalmente Portugal era um país receptor de investimento estrangeiro. Até à primeira metade da presente década [década de 90], o investimento estrangeiro em Portugal superava largamente o investimento português no estrangeiro. Na década de setenta este representou, em média, cerca de 25% do investimento estrangeiro em Portugal. Este indíce de cobertura desceu para aproximadamente 10%, nos anos oitenta, subindo depois para níveis próximos dos 15% no período 1990-94. Em 1995 regista-se, porém, uma alteração acentuada: os valores dos dois fluxos equilibraram-se. No ano de 1996, pela primeira vez no pós-guerra, os investimentos portugueses no estrangeiro ultrapassaram, em termos líquidos, os investimentos estrangeiros em Portugal. Para o conjunto do triénio 1995-97, os níveis líquidos dos dois movimentos foram praticamente iguais. As informações disponíveis relativamente a 1998 sugerem uma nova aceleração dos valores do investimento português no estrangeiro, devida em boa parte a operações de aquisição realizadas no Brasil." [p.7]

quinta-feira, dezembro 23, 2004

[Centro de Natal 2003] Boas Festas Posted by Hello

quarta-feira, dezembro 22, 2004

Etnografia: alternância entre subjectividade & objectividade

Exemplo dos problemas que se colocam ao investigador em ciências sociais - estudos etnográficos - Ulrike Schultze (2000). A Confessional Account of an Ethnography about Knowledge Work. MIS Quarterly, Vol. 24 (1), pp. 3-41:

"Ethnographers as knowledge workers are thus confronted with potentially conflicting demands. In their role as instrument they rely on their personal experience and subjective engagement with phenomena in the field to generate insights, whereas in their role as scientist they need to convince the scientific community of the trans-situational (Preston 1986) and reliable nature of these very phenomena. This suggests that ethnographers need to find ways of balancing subjectivity and objectivity." [keep on reading...]

terça-feira, dezembro 21, 2004

the eternal discussion... sciences versus social sciences

Everyone in social sciences at one point (or many :-) comes across the kind of discussion that originated in Lilia's post concerning reliability and validity. Every time this comes up i always turn to a story told by Jerome Kirk and Mark Miller on their great and very sintetic book: Reliability and validity in qualitative research. The story goes like this:

"A standart physical example of reliability and validity involves the use of thermometers to measure temperature. A thermometer that shows the same reading of 82 degrees each time it is plunged into boiling water gives a reliable measurement. A second thermometer might give readings over a series of measurements that vary from around 100 degrees. The second thermometer would be unreliable but relatively valid, whereas the first would be invalid but perfectly reliable" (p.19)

The question in here is to interpret data readings and relating to previous knowledge. In this case theory: one as to know that water boils at 100º and that varies under different ambient pressures, plus many other things that affect and condition interpretation (find out reading on p.21).

What we are dealing in social sciences in not an utopic laboratory experience were we can control the variables we want to account for, regardless of the context they inhabit. Because of that, the amount of variables that we are dealing with, in real life contexts, can not be desagregated for a laboratory test. They have to be observed in their context by «us», the observers. At the same time we have to acknowledge that we influence what we are observing and that we only observe what our mental grids allows us to see.

That's why it is so important to begin by designing the case we are studying. The case study protocol becames more than an instrument, it guides the researcher during all the work to be conducted, how it is going to be carried, what is going to be observed and how, norms and procedures during research, so that reliability becames higher (Robert Yin, 1994, Case Study Research: design and Methods). On pp. 63-74 you will find guidance for the design:

- overview of the case study project
- field procedures
- case study questions
- guide for the case study report

To have a research notebook (or blog) helps remind us of possible bias one might have regarding: what's being observed, under what conditions, other things we didn't previously considered, something that went wrong that originated new prepositions, and so on... The «ah ah» factor that´s been moving science forward and the process of discovery.

segunda-feira, dezembro 20, 2004

Universidade do Minho dá exemplo...

University of Minho mandates OA archiving by its faculty:
"The University of Minho in Portugal has adopted a policy mandating that its faculty deposit their research (with a few exceptions), and that grad students deposit their theses and dissertations, in the university's open-access repository. The university has also decided to sign the Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge. The new policy was adopted on December 6, 2004, and will take effect on January 1, 2005. For more details, see the university press release (in Portuguese or in English)." [via Peter, Open Access News]

domingo, dezembro 05, 2004

The importance of Coniecto

While reading Gabriela's eliciting and detailed accounts of KM Europe , that i was not abble to attend :( , came across one of the ties left to explore, identified in the conclusions of my master thesis ( Information role in the expatriation cycle ), for future work: the importance of Social Network Analysis (SNA) and the works of David Krackhardt.

Because the thesis is only considered completed after one as defended it, will only post the abstract [Nota: procurar mais entradas neste blog (que já estejam indexadas pelo google) sobre MEIBD ou usando a palavra defesa]:

"The increased process of businesses globalization has intensified the flow of companies’ top executives across borders. In Portugal, the same movement occurred as the internationalisation of several sectors of the country’s economic activity increased in recent years. New information needs arise and are added to the several other challenges faced by these executives when they move to a foreign country (namely cultural differences of the host countries, and in many cases the lack of local language skills that prevent them to understand the social context and physical environment).

This study aimed at to identify and to understand the role of information in what concerns the top executive mobility process. As a result, this study also aimed at to draft organisational information management policy guidelines, to help organisations make the most of their expatriates’ experiences.

The methodological approach chosen was the case study approach in an economic group of the Portuguese financial sector with several business operations abroad. Several data collections methods were used, including interviews and in loco interaction with the expatriates in three different countries.

The results of this study show that there are two critical moments concerning expatriates information needs which correspond to transitions of their informational spaces: first, the moment of arrival to the host country and second, when they return to their home country. A model that incorporates in the organizational information system the information on expatriates, across the various phases of the expatriation cycle, is proposed."

[Mónica André (2004). Papel da Informação no Ciclo de Expatriamento, dissertação para obtenção do Grau de Mestre em Estudos de Informação e Bibliotecas Digitais (MEIBD), Instituto Superior de Ciências do Trabalho e da Empresa (ISCTE), não publicado.]